Industries that are involved in environmental protection and development will find land surveying useful in understanding the potential impact of construction and real estate on the environment. Likewise, it can help them identify the possible impact of environmental aspects on construction and real estate developments. The land survey conducted for environmental and developmental assessment is known as ‘environmental surveying’, and it covers various tasks, such as earth quantity calculations, construction staking, boundary and as-built surveys, topographic surveys, geotracker reporting, and monitoring well. It is a specialty that can only be conducted by licensed and seasoned land surveyors using advanced equipment, like HD 3D laser scanners and GPS.
A land survey for environmental and development industries may assist builders, engineers, and developers in determining a property’s susceptibility to floods. In this case, the survey is conducted for the purpose of flood risk assessment to determine how a proposed or existing building is likely to flood. Environmental surveys are conducted to assess the possibility of contamination on the land. Contaminated land surveys determine the level of threat or risk to the property, especially when the structure or land was used or is currently utilized for waste and industrial disposal. Hence, they are considered an aspect of due diligence that should be conducted before modifying or building any structure.
The environmental land survey can reveal existing details and possible environmental risks to a structure. Through environmental screening, you can find out a property’s susceptibility to ground gas and any existing undermining damage. The survey can reveal risk when building near a waste disposal facility, too, as contamination may affect water resources. A land survey can be useful in identifying fire hazards in the environment where the property is located.
Environmental surveyors rely on many different methods to determine the environmental conditions of the area and to create reports. They could draw historical data from older surveys and maps to determine the property’s exact boundaries and identify its history. They may use geometric data and geographic information systems, too.